The Great Pacific Garbage Patch
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a circulation of water that accumulates more and more trash every year. Twice the size of France, the Central Pacific Gyre is considered the single largest body of pollution in the world. Between 70% and 80% of the debris collecting in the Garbage Patch is post-consumer waste from the land. It collect into the marine ecosystem by storms and wind. Much of the remaining plastic is a consequence of the mass-fishing industry, as vast trawling nets, broken buoys and mile upon mile of plastic cord and twine intermingle with plastic bottles, toys, trainers and cigarette lighters. Currently, it is enlarging at an exponential rate, increasing by a factor of 10 each year.
The Western Tropical Atlantic Ocean
This area is an example of water location that is growing in pollution size every year. A secondary study called “Microplastics in the pelagic environment around oceanic islands of the Western Tropical Atlantic Ocean” was conducted where hard plastic fragments, plastic films, and paint chips were collected and analyzed to see if they made a large impact on the environment. They concluded that secondary source microplastics were largely dominant. They also discuss the dangers it poses to marine life and that there is no mechanism to help solve the problem.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch isn’t the only place where this is occurring. There are many gyres located around the world that accumulate trash on a daily basis and are growing rapidly. A more local issue pertain to the Great Lakes. Storms and winds bring trash into the waters and harm the marine life that make up our beautiful state.